CIA, Djukanovic & Arafat's Murder Suspect
Mohammad Dahlan, a former Palestinian Security Minister, whom his country's authorities suspect of embezzling hundreds of millions of state funds, has business deals in Montenegro. He could be one of the important links between Milo Djukanovic1 and the Al Nahyan royal family of the United Arab Emirates (UAE), which the Montenegrin Prime Minister has just visited. In Abu Dhabi, Djukanovic sought salvation for Montenegro's bankrupt economy.
This was not the Montenegrin leader's first visit to the rich Arab kingdom. He also travelled to Abu Dhabi in 2008. On that occasion, he also had meetings with the royal family, after which big projects were announced.
According to the Palestinian media of the time, the man who connected Djukanovic with the Emirati royal family is this same Dahlan, a former close associate of Yasser Arafat and Mahmoud Abbas. During Fatah's rule, Dahlan was one of the most powerful persons in Gaza. But after Hamas took power there in 2007, Dahlan had to leave the territory. He was then accused of attempting a coup. Some of his men were arrested and, according to the media, one of them was the first ambassador of Palestine in Montenegro, Adham Abo Madalala.
Later on, Dahlan entered into a conflict with his longtime political ally from Fatah, Mahmoud Abbas, the current leader of the Palestinian state. In 2011, Abbas expelled Dahlan from Fatah.
Today, the opposing Palestinian factions - Hamas and Fatah - have something in common. Both accuse Dahlan for embezzling state funds and endemic corruption, and for immensely enriching himself. Even in the nineties, Dahlan was a regular target of public criticism. A research paper from 1997 on Dahlan – A man who swallowed Gaza - claimed that he earned his initial capital through a monopoly on the import of gasoline, which was sold at enormous prices to the impoverished population under siege.
Later on, Dahlan was accused of betraying Palestinian interests – of having close ties to the US intelligence circles and Israel's Mossad. His opponents claim that he is a confidant of the CIA. He has also lately been mentioned in connection with the death of the PLO leader Yasser Arafat. Allegedly, Dahlan sent poison packaged as medicine to Arafat in his Paris hospital. Arafat's body was recently exhumed amid suspicions that he was poisoned with polonium. Some traces were found on the clothes, but experts have not yet confirmed that this is the actual cause of death. Dahlan has denied all these allegations.
It is known that Arafat was in conflict with Dahlan in the last years of his life. Arafat wanted to remove him from the top positions, but Dahlan then obtained political support from Abbas, who later appointed him as minister of security. It is believed that Americans helped bring this about.
In some documents compiled by Monitor, but also in the Middle East and Western media, one can read that Dahlan intends to invest his money in Montenegro, in real estate deals.
Dahlan and Yasser Mahmoud Abbas, one of the sons of the Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas, entered Montenegro almost simultaneously, at a time when the two Palestinian politicians were still closely cooperating. Two years after Montenegrin independence, in April 2008, Dahlan registered in Podgorica the Levant International Incorporation. It is interesting that the representative of this company is Diana Buttu, the well known former PLO spokeswoman, whom the US President George W. Bush praised "because of her tendency for compromise." Buttu is, otherwise, a long-time lawyer of Dahlan's.
A few months later, in August 2008, Dahlan registered another company - Manarah Holding Montenegro. While Levant was registered for consulting and management, Manarah was established for developing real estate projects. Both companies are on the same Podgorica address at the George Washington Street. The apartment of approximately 80 square meters is owned by Levant, according to the Real Estate Directorate . The Executive Director of Manarah is Bassil Jabir, who also heads companies with the same name on multiple other addresses: Virgin Islands, Abou Dhabi, Cairo and Panama (more details in Box 1 below).
Yasser Mahmoud Abbass, in turn, started operating in Montenegro in February 2008. The younger Abbas registered two companies in Podgorica - Falcon General Investments Company and First Option Conctruction Project Management co. Both firms are registered at the same address, as the firms of Dahlan's noted above.
The son of Mahmoud Abbas is mentioned in several documents as a controversial businessman linked to corruption and to persons on the Interpol arrest warrants. Dahlan, himself, accuses Abbas's sons of profiteering through exploitation of their father's authority and relationships.
A document from July 2012, 'Chronicle of Cleptocracy (corruption within the Palestinian political establishment)'- presented in a recent testimony before the US Congress, points at several politicians who have embezzled huge Palestinian funds, including Abbas senior, his sons and Dahlan. It describes the conflict that broke out between Abbas and Dahlan, and states that Dahlan has ties with Montenegro and several other countries, including Egypt and the Emirates.
According to several sources, since 2008, when his star began to pale in Palestine and Gaza, Dahlan spends most of his time in Cairo. He is thought to be associated in multiple ways with the Saviris clan developing, among others, a project of more than a billion euros on the Montenegrin Lustica peninsula in the Kotor Bay. Saviris and Dahlan's associate Mohammed Rashid are together in the firm Monte Mena, registered in Panama (see Box 2 below).
According to several reports, Dahlan's return to power is desired by certain circles in the US. The reports also state that Dahlan enjoys political backing from the United Arab Emirates. Presumably, Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas is seriously concerned that this support may affect the financial aid that Palestine is receiving from the Arab brethren, and that a reduction of such aid could strengthen Dahlan in Palestine. These reports and a number of our sources claim that such scenario would be welcomed by the CIA leadership.
Do these same circles look favorably at the links between Dahlan and Djukanovic? It's hard to get an answer, but the fact is that, when it comes to Palestine, Montenegro is moving away from the European strategy. Recently, Montenegro abstained from the vote on Palestine in the United Nations, thus pandering to Washington but repudiating our European partners.
In any case – money from the Emirates would come handily to Djukanovic, who did not arrive by chance to the royal palace in Abu Dhabi one December night. In late 2008, Palestinian media disclosed the news: "Dahlan is in Abu Dhabi with the Prime Minister of Montenegro. He was seen in the lobby of the Emirates' royal palace two nights ago with the dodgiest characters one can imagine. The story is this: He is there to arrange real estate deals for the Abu Dhabi royal family in Montenegro and receive a fat fee as the middleman."
Following the visit, Montenegrin media wrote that the royal family has expressed interest in a number of projects, including the Long Beach in Ulcinj, Shipyard Bijela, First Bank2 ... Afterwards, nothing happened at all. A company from Emirates, presumably backed by the royal family, submitted a bid at the tender for the sale of the Shipyard, but the deal was not concluded because of an alleged failure to comply with the tender conditions. Was that really the reason or was the problem the fat fee? According to one version, the entry of Emirate companies in Montenegro was conditioned by the bailing out of the First Bank in which the Arabs did not want to engage because of the bank's huge financial liabilities and problematic loans.
What will happen now - in the midst of this great crisis? Could Djukanovic be preparing to lower the price for whatever still remains for sale – the Long Beach, Ada Bojana, Valdanos3 ...?
Let us be clear - serious investors from the Emirates could indeed contribute to the recovery of the Montenegrin economy. It is not a secret that their free and safe capital is seeking new opportunities and investment destinations. But, will the recent Chief's travel and direct negotiations with the Al Nahyan family benefit Montenegro? It depends on whether Djukanovic and various middlemen, such as Dahlan, are ready to give up private benefits for the sake of public interest. That would be a miracle.
The Arabs are coming
Besides Mohammed Dahlan, more people with the same surname can be found in the Montenegrin commercial registry. These are Abdrabu Jussef Dahlan Shaker and Ahmed Abdrabu Dahlan Jussef. They are in the companies - Middle East Real Estate DOO Podgorica and Queens Beach Development Company. Both companies are registered for real estate business. The seat of the first is in the heart of Podgorica, in the Karadjordjeva Street, while Queens is in the Malo Brdo suburb. These two Dahlans are also active in the region. They are in Alfursan, a company established in Belgrade.
The authorized representative of the Middle East Real Estate is Janko Skuletic, who is also director of the Queens Beach. That these firms are associated with Mohammed Dahlan can be deduced from the fact that Janko Skuletic also represented Manarah Holding in some circumstances in Montenegro, as for example at the Real Estate Fair in Becici.
Janko Skuletic also represented the well known firm Solidere from the Emirates, which made an offer in late 2008 for a parcel of land in Podgorica owned by the Radoje Dakic Company, but later withdrew from the deal. "Solidere operates according to the principles of energy efficiency and sustainable development, using the latest technology", Skuletic said at the time. Montenegrin media reported recently that the Emirates, among others, will invest in energy efficiency projects.
Recently, the Queens Beach Development Company purchased tender documents for the hinterland of the Queen's beach in the municipality of Bar, which was confirmed by Dragan Simovic, the municipality's vice president.
The founder of the Queens Beach company, according to the Registry of the Commercial Court, is the UAE based Hydra Commercial Investments. Based on our investigations, in 2008, this company and the Saviris'es Orascom jointly established in Abu Dhabi the construction consortium Emirates Foundation. Besides Orascom, members of the consortium are the companies Sorouh and Capital Investment. Some companies in the chain have been involved in large projects and seem to be serious investors.
Relationships with the Family
Mohammad Dahlan has also been criticized for his relations with Mohammad Rashid, who was recently condemned 'in absentia' by the Palestinian Authority to 15 years in prison for financial fraud. After the Arab Spring, Dahlan and Rashid have been accused for delivering weapons from Israel to the Libyan leader Gaddafi in return for huge sums of money.
Many available sources point out that Rashid is actually the Dahlan's man of trust, through whom he performs various transactions. As Monitor recently wrote, Rashid, a former economic adviser to Yasser Arafat, is in the Montenegrin registry in four companies: Monte Mena Investments, Trust Holding, Prima Invest (which is now deleted from the registry) and Montenegro company for Real Estates, Investments and Development.
Rashid is associated with the Montenegrin Prime Minister. Dragica Mrvaljevic, director of Djukanovic's company Primary Invest, was at the same time director of Rashid's Monte Mena Investment. And according to the Audit Report on the First Bank for 2007, Rashid's companies have received two loans from the brothers Djukanovic, amounting to almost 13 million euros.
As noted already, Monte Mena company is also registered in Panama. Rashid's partner there is the Egyptian billionaire Samih Saviris, who is planning to build a complex worth more than a billion euros on the Kotor Bay's Lustica peninsula. In the Panamian Monte Mena, one also finds close colleagues of Djukanovic's – the ambassador Vojin Vlahovic, former longtime adviser to the current Prime Minister, and Veselin Vukotic, Djukanovic's teacher and partner in the university business4.
Monte Mena continues to advertise through its web site a megaproject at Skočiđevojka, near Petrovac, and another one at Podkošljun, near Budva. Djukanovic's company Global Montenegro owns 20,229 square meters of land at Podkošljun. A coincidence? It is as coincidental as the fact that Rashid's Monte Mena in Podgorica is based in premises owned by the Prime Minister's brother Aco Djukanovic.
1 Montenegrin Prime Minister or President since 1991 and Chairman of the ruling DPS party, successor to the former League of Communists. Mr Djukanovic has recently been re-elected for a new 4 year term as Prime Minister
2 First Bank of Montenegro, former small municipal bank privatised in 2006 and turned within a year into the country's second largest bank by the Djukanovic family (PM, his brother Aco Djukanovic and their sister Ana Kolarevic), now under -going severe difficulties due to alleged gross mis-management and obscure dealings
3 Large and very attractive real estate development sites on the Montenegrin Coast near the border with Albania